Copyright 2022 - Copyright © 2014. KZN Nguni.

Visual Appraisal

DESCRIPTION OF NGUNI CATTLE (C.W.B. Armstrong and E.H.H. Meyer) adapted and adopted by the Liaison Committee for Indigenous Livestock shall be used as a guideline by the Society’s Inspectors.

The accent is on functional efficiency.

Animals with hereditary defects or with deviations, which will impede the functional efficiency according to the appraisal of the

Inspector, will be rejected.

Disqualifications and discriminations which can lead to disqualification:


  • undershot jaw
  • overshot jaw
  • skew muzzle
  • skew face

Front and hind legs:

  • Split between hooves too wide
  • Hooves curling inwardly
  • Outgrowing hooves
  • Uneven length of hooves
  • Sagging pasterns
  • Absence of dew laws
  • Standing over at the knees or hollow knees X-legs (knock kneed)
  • Bandy legs
  • Pigeon toed
  • Sickle or upright hocks


  • Loosely attached shoulder
  • Wither extending far above shoulders

Chest, back and midpiece:

  • Devil’s grip
  • Hollow back
  • Hunch back
  • Laterally twisted spine (scoliosis)
  • Narrow chested

Pelvis, rump and tail:

  • Narrow pelvis (female)
  • Flat, roofy or excessively drooping rump
  • Very prominent root of tail
  • Wry tail and skew tail attachment
  • Congenital knack in upper third of tail
  • Non-flexible tip

Reproductive characteristics:

  • Naval fold of bulls may not exceed 15 cm
  • Naval fold of females may not exceed 7cm
  • Preputial prolapse
  • Hypoplasia of testes (uni- or bilateral)
  • Forward pointing Epididimii (“skepballe”)
  • Epididimus absent
  • Scrotal split may not exceed 2cm.
  • Tortion of scrotum may not exceed 45º
  • Cryptorchidysm (partial – or bilateral)
  • Pendulous scrotum
  • Infantile or horizontally inclined vulva
  • Poor udder shape
  • Congenital imbalance of udder
  • Malformed teats


  • Frizzy or woolly summer coat
  • Long haired coat
  • Bulls with oxy or feminine appearance
  • Heifers with oxy of masculine appearance
  • Pony type or extreme large frame type
  • Poor muscling
  • Double muscle or excessive muscling in females
  • Ears too long or drooping
  • Thoracic position of hump, loose and guinea-fowl comb shaped
  • Excessive dewlap
  • Albino or poor pigmentation
  • Aggressive or wild temperament
  • Chronic bloaters